In the UK, a Central Securities Depository (CSD) will not be treated as maintaining financial accounts. The participants of UK securities settlement systems that hold interests recorded in the CSD are either Financial Institutions in their own right, or they access the system through a Financial Institution (a sponsor). It is these Financial Institutions that maintain the accounts, and it is these participants and/or sponsors that are responsible for undertaking any reporting obligations.
For example, members of the CREST securities settlement system operated by Euroclear UK & Ireland Limited (EUI), or the Financial Institution that accesses EUI on their behalf, are responsible for any reporting required in respect of securities held using EUI. EUI acting as the CSD is not required to undertake any reporting concerning such securities.
This treatment will also apply to a UK entity that is a direct or indirect subsidiary used solely to provide services ancillary to the business operated by that CSD (CSD Related Entity).
The relationship between the securities settlement system and its participants is not a financial account and accordingly the CSD and any CSD Related Entity is not required to undertake any reporting required in connection with interests held by, or on behalf of, participants.
Notwithstanding the previous, the CSD may act as a third party service provider and report on behalf of such participants in respect of reportable interests.