Financial institutions are required to determine whether a pre-existing account is held by one or more entities that are Reportable Persons or which are passive NFEs with one or more Controlling Persons that are Reportable Persons. Such entity accounts will be Reportable Accounts.
The financial institution must review information maintained for regulatory or customer relationship purposes (including information collected as part of any AML/KYC procedure) to determine where the entity is tax resident [AEIM103460] unless residence can be reasonably determined through the use of publicly available information. The entity will be reportable if the information indicates that the entity is tax resident in a Reportable Jurisdiction. Such information will include, but is not limited to:
As the definition of entity goes beyond corporate structures to include fiscally transparent vehicles such as trusts and partnerships, the address of the entity should be interpreted widely so will include the registered office, principal office and/or the place of effective management.
The existence of a permanent establishment (including a branch) in a Reportable Jurisdiction is not, in isolation, an indication of residence for this purpose.
Although there is no exemption from a paper record search for pre-existing entity accounts, such a search is not required in areas where all the information is electronically searchable (for example, information held for AML/KYC purposes).
If the information indicates that the Account Holder is tax resident in a Reportable Jurisdiction, then the account is a Reportable Account unless the financial institution obtains a self-certification from the Account Holder, or determines, based on information in its possession or which is publicly available, that the Account Holder is not a Reportable Person.