|A cash value insurance contract such as an endowment policy may be the subject of assignment or sale by the beneficial owner of the policy. Such an assignment or sale will result in the Reporting Financial Institution having to consider the reportable status of the new beneficial owner of the policy.
An individual holds a mortgage with lender A, and as part of their mortgage arrangements they hold an endowment policy. This endowment was taken out by the individual borrower and although the endowment is part of the mortgage arrangements it is the individual who is beneficially entitled to receive sums payable on the surrender or redemption of the policy (for instance they may be able to keep amounts payable under the endowment if they can pay off the mortgage from an alternative source). The borrower takes out a mortgage with a new lender but under the terms of the mortgage agreement they keep their existing endowment. In this case, the endowment policy has not been assigned, even if the policy is named in the underlying mortgage arrangement. The endowment is an individual account and continues to be held by the same beneficial owner (the borrower).
The same individual holds a mortgage with lender
B,and as part of their mortgage arrangements they have taken out an endowment policy.
However in this casemortgage lender B (which is a financial institution) has the direct benefit of the endowment policy such that they are beneficially entitled to receive sums payable on the surrender or redemption of the policy, or the sum insured in the event of the death of the borrower. In this case, mortgage lender B is an Entity Account Holder. The borrower takes out a new mortgage with mortgage lender C, repays the existing loan and the financial institution assigns the benefit of the policy to mortgage lender C. The account with mortgage lender C is treated as a new account; the Reporting Financial Institution must determine the status of the new account holder mortgage lender C. In all likelihood, mortgage lender C will also be a UK Financial
Institution or other Partner Jurisdiction Financial Institution, which can be identified by publicly available information.
Individual X holds an endowment policy with a Reporting Financial Institution. This is a Financial Account. Individual X sells the benefit of the policy to another person Individual Y. Individual Y will be subject to the due diligence procedures as a new individual account holder. This is a different situation from a new account being opened where the Financial Institution has direct contact with the individual and if that individual does not provide the necessary information the Financial Institution can simply turn down the business. Where there is an assignment the Financial Institution has no choice in the matter and must, therefore, take reasonable steps to obtain the necessary information from the new owner of the policy. If the new owner fails to provide a valid self certification, despite the reasonable efforts of the Financial Institution to obtain one, the account will become reportable.